Reports and Resources (40)
NOAA Fisheries releases draft Climate Science Strategy for public comment
NOAA Fisheries has released a draft Climate Science Strategy for public comment that identifies 7 steps to increase the production & use of climate-related information; proposes actions to address common needs across regions and agency mandates; and aims to help reduce impacts and increase resilience of marine resources and the communities that depend on them. It is open for comment until March 31, 2015.
Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report
This new Synthesis Report from the IPCC summarizes the contents of 5 studies released over the past year. These studies confirm that climate change caused by human activities is having impacts on ecosystems and human well-being across the U.S. and around the world.
Climate Change Impacts in Hawaii: A Summary of Climate Change and its Impacts to Hawaii's Ecosystems and Communities
This report, from Hawaii Sea Grant, is intended to provide a basic summary of the observed and projected changes to Hawaii’s ecosystems and their resulting impacts for Hawaii’s residents.
First Federal Ocean Acidification Strategic Plan Released
The Interagency Working Group on Ocean Acidification, of which EPA is a participating agency, has recently released the "Strategic Plan for Federal Research and Monitoring of Ocean Acidification."
The Plan will guide research and monitoring investments that will improve our understanding of ocean acidification, its potential impacts on marine species and ecosystems, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. Highlights of the Plan's research goals include: improve existing observing systems that monitor chemical and biological effects of ocean acidification and document trends; undertake laboratory and field research to examine the physiological, behavioral, and evolutionary adaptive capacities of selected species and complexes of species; develop comprehensive models to predict changes in the ocean carbon cycle and effects on marine ecosystems and organisms; develop vulnerability assessments for various carbon dioxide emissions scenarios; and, assess the cultural, subsistence, and economic effects of ocean acidification.
To learn more, visit: http://oceanacidification.noaa.gov/IWGOA.aspx.
NOAA Releases Arctic Action Plan
Climate change is making the Arctic a greener, warmer, and increasingly accessible place for economic opportunity. However, climate impacts such as sea ice loss and rising ocean acidification are straining coastal community resilience and sound resource stewardship. The NOAA Arctic Action Plan report outlines ways for scientists and stakeholders to share their progress regarding this vast, valuable, and vulnerable region.
Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change
On April 15 in Berlin, Germany, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change approved and released Working Group III's Fifth Assessment Report - a comprehensive assessment of all relevant options for mitigating climate change through limiting or preventing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as activities that remove them from the atmosphere.
Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability
On March 31 in Yokohama, Japan, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change approved and released Working Group II's Summary for Policymakers and the underlying scientific and technical assessment.
Managing for a Future in a Rapidly Changing Arctic
In consultation with the National Ocean Council, the National Security Staff, and the Arctic Research Commission, the Alaska Interagency Working Group completed a report describing environmental, social, and economic issues in the arctic U.S. to the federal government and its partners in order to address management challenges in the region.
Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis
On September 27, 2013, Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented its report to member governments for approval and acceptance. The report is the first of four that will make up the IPCC's 5th Assessment.
Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate
According to a new National Climate Assessment report, the nation's valuable ocean ecosystems and marine resources are being affected by a changing climate. These impacts are expected to increase in coming years, putting marine resources — and the people and economies that depend on them — at risk.
Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research
This is a rigorously researched, peer-reviewed scientific assessment of the climate of the Western Pacific region. Building on the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this two-volume publication represents a comprehensive resource on the climate of the Pacific.
NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Service Center Publications
A regularly updated database of reports, theses, working papers, and more written by PIFSC staff and collaborators.
NOAA Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications funding
The Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications (COCA) program addresses the needs of specific decision makers grappling with pressing climate-related issues in coastal and marine environments. This program strengthens initiatives to support interdisciplinary applications research aimed at addressing climate-related challenges in coastal communities as well as coastal and marine ecosystems.
Grants are available annually for researchers and decision makers.
U.S. Climate Change Webinars
Climate Change and Marine Protected Areas
Alaska Climate Webinar Archives
The Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy has an archive of all its webinars on a variety of climate issues in the Alaska and the Arctic. The webinar series is also ongoing with new speakers and topics scheduled regularly.
Alaska Climate Dispatch
The Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy produces this climate information tool in partnership with the Alaska Climate Research Center, SEARCH Sea Ice Outlook, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, and the National Weather Service. The quarterly Alaska Climate Dispatch provides seasonal weather and climate summaries as well as Alaska weather, wildfire, and sea ice outlooks in one easily accessible document with the latest issue and archives available online.
2013 Draft National Climate Assessment
Global climate is changing, and this is apparent across the U.S. in a wide range of observations. Rising temperatures, changes in precipitation and extreme events and their causes and impacts on society and the environment are chronicled in the 2013 National Climate Assessment. A team of over 240 experts compiled the report, which is open for public comment through April 12, 2013.
Climate and the Oregon Coast
A library of videos on a variety of coastal and ocean topics specific to Oregon.
Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States National Climate Assessment
Global sea level has been steadily rising for decades and is expected to continue. Scientists have very high confidence that global sea level will rise at least another 8 inches and as much as 6.6 feet by 2100, causing significant impacts in U.S. coastal regions. This report lays out the science and describes possible scenarios to help planners and policy leaders assess the risks.
2012 Arctic Report Card
The annual Report Card provides clear, concise scientific information on the state of the Arctic region, organized into 5 sections: Atmosphere, Sea Ice & Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, Terrestrial Ecosystems, and Hydrology & Terrestrial Cryosphere. This edition was prepared by an international team of 121 scientists from 14 different countries. Independent peer-review of the 2012 Report Card was organized by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme of the Arctic Council.
Highlights from 2012 include new records set for snow extent, sea ice extent and ice sheet surface melting, despite air temperatures - a key cause of melting - being unremarkable relative to the last decade. Multiple observations provide strong evidence of widespread, sustained change driving Arctic environmental system into new state.
The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture
A publication released every two years to provide policymakers and civil society with a global view of fisheries and aquaculture and associated policy issues. The most recent release was 2012 and the full archive is available online.
National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy
From the Arctic to the Everglades, impacts like rising sea levels, warmer temperatures, loss of sea ice, and changing precipitation patterns are affecting the species we care about, the services we value, and the places we call home. Federal, state, and tribal partners with input from many other diverse groups from across the nation have worked to develop a common strategy to respond to these challenges. The National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy is currently in draft form and, when finished, will provide a unified approach for reducing the negative impacts of climate change on fish, wildlife, plants, and the natural systems upon which they depend.
Maine's Climate Future
A report that considers past change over geologic time, recent evidence of accelerated rates of change, and the implications of continued climate change in Maine during the 21st century as a result of greenhouse gas emissions and their associated pollutants.
The Drought-Ready Communities pilot project culminated in summer 2010 with a Guide to Community Drought Preparedness that communities throughout the U.S. can use to understand and reduce their drought risk.The process outlined in the Guide is broad-based, recognizing that drought creates problems that go beyond the scope of what water suppliers alone can address. With that in mind, the guide provides worksheets, planning tips, and case studies to help communities hone in on processes and solutions to drought.
Fisheries of the United States
A 2010 report on the state of commercial and recreational fisheries in the U.S. including territorial seas, the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, and the high seas.
Sea Ice Manual
The purpose of the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy's Sea Ice Manual is to improve the availability of current information about sea ice from operational and academic observation programs to key user groups. It provides Arctic Alaska coastal community leaders and local user groups with an up-to-date, comprehensive, and practical guide to current reference resources on sea ice and climate that are relevant to their planning, subsistence activities, and way of life.
Climate Change Impacts: Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries
A 2010 report on climate change impacts and climate change action plans for marine ecosystems on California's north-central coast.
Coastal Strategies for Addressing Climate Change
A collection of case studies and information about how coastal communities can plan for and adapt to climate change. These resources represent a national guide for how coastal communities can plan and adapt. Case study issues range from coastal managers addressing sea level rise in Rhode Island to coral bleaching caused by rising sea temperatures in Florida.
Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change
Much of the nation’s experience to date in managing and protecting its people, resources, and infrastructure is based on the historic record of climate variability during a period of relatively stable climate. This report from the America’s Climate Choices suite of studies concludes that adaptation to climate change calls for a new paradigm--one that considers a range of possible future climate conditions and associated impacts, some well outside the realm of past experience.
Our Living Oceans: A Report on the Status of U.S. Living Marine Resources
The sixth edition of a report card to the American public on the biological health of U.S. living marine resources, published by NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service. The report includes updates on major fisheries and marine resources as well as feature articles on fisheries science, coral, and cooperative and proactive approaches to the Endangered Species Act.
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States (2009)
Climate changes are underway in the United States and are projected to grow. Consequently, crops and livestock production will be increasingly challenged and threats to human health will increase. These are two key findings presented in this 2009 assessment report by the U.S. Global Change Research Program. The report gives an overview of climate-related issues and impacts for seven geographical regions and seven sectors of society.
Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment
A guide released by the National Wildlife Federation in 2011 for conservationists and resource managers to help them understand and assess the impact of climate change on species and ecosystems, including fisheries.
Thresholds of Climate Change in Ecosystems
An assessment of the potential for abrupt state changes or regime shifts in ecosystems in response to climate change. Better understanding of sudden changes to ecosystems, and the goods and services they provide, is extremely important if natural resource managers are to succeed in developing adaptation strategies.
Past Climate Variability and Change in the Arctic and at High Latitudes
Over the past 30 years, average temperatures in the Arctic have increased at almost twice the rate of the planet as a whole. Such temperature changes have been accompanied by shrinking sea ice, melting ice and permafrost on land, and widespread impacts to land and ocean ecosystems.
Understanding Coral Reef Use
A trio of reports on the impacts of human use on coral reefs in the Florida Keys and opportunities for more sustainable practices from the Florida Reef Resilience Program. Topics include snorkeling, SCUBA diving, and recreational fishing.
Estuarine Fish and Shellfish Species in the U.S. Commercial and Recreational Fisheries: Economic Value as an Incentive to Protect and Restore Estuarine Habitat
An analysis of the economic value of commercial and recreational fisheries in the United States, published in 2008.
Climate Impacts on U.S. Living Marine Resources: National Marine Fisheries Service Concerns, Activities and Needs
A 2008 report on climate impacts on coastal and marine ecosystems as it relates to the National Marine Fisheries Service's work.
Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources
A review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources in the United States. This report focuses on the following selected land management systems: National Forests, National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, Wild and Scenic Rivers, National Estuaries, and Marine Protected Areas.
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
An international project of the Arctic Council and the International Arctic Science Committee, the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment evaluates and synthesizes knowledge on climate variability, climate change, and increased ultraviolet radiation and their consequences for the Arctic region.
Decision Support Tools (11)
OceanAdapt tool tracks shifts in the distribution of marine species with changing oceans
The OceanAdapt Web Tool can help managers, scientists, fishermen, fishing communities, and the public track changes in the distribution of marine species with changing climate and ocean conditions.
U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit
In response to the President's Executive Order 13653, a NOAA-led U.S. federal agency partnership released the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit to provide tools, information, & scientific expertise to help communities & businesses build resilience to climate-related impacts & extreme events.
Assessing the Vulnerability of Fish Stocks in a Changing Climate
NOAA Fisheries and NOAA’s Earth Research Laboratory have finalized a new methodology to rapidly assess the vulnerability of U.S. marine stocks to a changing climate. The methodology uses existing information on climate and ocean conditions, species distributions, and species life history characteristics in order to estimate the relative vulnerability of fish stocks to potential changes in climate.
Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy
President Obama’s Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force released a rebuilding strategy that outlines a set of principles and recommendations to guide recovery and rebuilding efforts in the wake of Sandy. The Strategy will help ensure communities are better able to withstand and recover from future storms.
Coral Reef Ecosystem Integrated Observing System
The NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Integrated Observing System provides a diverse suite of long-term ecological and environmental observations and information products over a broad range of spatial and temporal scales. Its goal is to help people understand coral reef ecosystem conditions and processes, and to inform stakeholders and assist managers in making improved and timely ecosystem-based management decisions to conserve coral reefs.
Cal-Adapt is a web-based climate adaptation planning tool developed in part by the University of California, Berkeley's Geospatial Innovation Facility for the State of California. Cal-Adapt allows users to identify potential climate change risks in specific geographic areas throughout the state. Users can either query by location, or click on an interactive map to explore what climate impacts are projected to occur in their area of interest.
Habitat Priority Planner
This free PC-based tool from NOAA's Coastal Service Center aids in decisions about conservation, restoration, and planning. The Habitat Priority Planner takes away much of the subjective nature of the process by providing critical habitat analyses that are consistent, repeatable, and transparent. The program allows users to easily test various ideas and "what if" scenarios on the fly, making it the perfect tool to use in a group setting.
Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network
A database of tools created and used by a network of over 4000 coastal and marine conservation practitioners. The EBM Tools Network is currently focusing on tools for climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning, ecosystem-based coastal and marine spatial planning and integrated land-sea planning to minimize the impacts of land use on coastal and marine environments.
A global gateway to GIS and remote sensing data and maps for the analysis of fisheries and aquaculture produced by the Fisheries and Aquaculture Management Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization.
FishStatJ: Software for Fishery Statistical Time Series
A free desktop-based app that provides users with access to global and regional fishery statistics
Coastal County Snapshots
Coastal County Snapshots turn complex data into easy-to-understand stories, complete with charts and graphs. Users select a coastal county of interest and the website does the rest, providing information that can help communities become more resilient to coastal hazards.
Local officials can use the snapshots as a planning tool to assess their county’s resilience to flooding and understand the benefits provided by natural resources. The handouts generated by the snapshots can be a helpful educational tool when working with governing bodies and citizen groups.Current topics include flood exposure, wetland benefits, and ocean and Great Lakes jobs.
Fact Sheets (4)
Reducing the Nation's Vulnerability to Extreme Weather & Climate
NOAA is helping people prepare and protect their homes, communities, and businesses from extreme climate- and weather-related impacts.
Sustaining Marine Ecosystems in a Changing Climate
NOAA envisions a future with a strong economy and thriving marine ecosystems. NOAA and its partners are working to identify and manage risks to our nation's valuable marine ecosystems and the services they provide.
Preparing for Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding
The U.S. has one of the world's largest and most diverse coastal zones. Climate variability and change present real threats to our coasts. NOAA is working with partners to build climate-smart coastal communities.
Toward a Climate Smart Nation
Americans' health, security, and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. This briefing sheet describes how NOAA is leveraging its climate science and services to help the nation prepare for the impacts of climate variability and change.
Data Products (3)
OceanWatch-Central Pacific acquires and processes satellite information and creates a variety of satellite data products for the Pacific Ocean region. We provide daily satellite observations of the Central Pacific Region.
Gulf of Mexico Data Atlas
The Gulf of Mexico Data Atlas provides online answers to questions related to the physical environment, marine resources, and economic activity in the Gulf of Mexico. Information is presented in the form of map plates with descriptions, written by recognized subject matter experts, explaining how the data were gathered and how they are relevant. The Gulf of Mexico Data Atlas, prepared by NOAA, has data from federal, state and non-governmental agencies, and academia.
National Climatic Data Center: Marine Data Collection
Marine data products from the National Climatic Data Center including archived meteorological data from ships at sea and buoys.