Decision Support Tools (27)
OceanAdapt tool tracks shifts in the distribution of marine species with changing oceans
The OceanAdapt Web Tool can help managers, scientists, fishermen, fishing communities, and the public track changes in the distribution of marine species with changing climate and ocean conditions.
U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit
In response to the President's Executive Order 13653, a NOAA-led U.S. federal agency partnership released the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit to provide tools, information, & scientific expertise to help communities & businesses build resilience to climate-related impacts & extreme events.
State Adaptation Progress Tracker
Georgetown Climate Center's new online tool tracks what steps each state has made towards implementing climate change preparedness plans. Now, anyone will be able to quickly determine how much progress their state is making and decision-makers will be able to learn from innovative examples of actions other states are taking.
Lake Level Viewer: United States Great Lakes
This tool helps users visualize lake level changes that range from six feet above to six feet below historical long-term average water levels in the Great Lakes, along with potential shoreline and coastal impacts. Communities can use this information to determine what preparations make the most sense in planning for water level change scenarios.
New Jersey Coastal Flood Exposure Mapper
Help jump-start your community discussions about hazard impacts with maps of your area that show people, places, and assets exposed to coastal flooding. The map data and the discussions spurred from these maps are valuable and applicable to a variety of community planning processes—from comprehensive land-use to hazards mitigation and conservation planning.
The New Jersey FloodMapper is a user-friendly visualization tool for local communities who need to make decisions concerning flooding hazards and sea level rise. This tool should be used to promote enhanced preparedness and land use planning decisions with considerations for possible future conditions.
USGS Coastal Change Hazards Portal
The U.S. Geological Survey's Coastal Change Hazards portal offers interactive access to coastal change science and data for our nation’s coasts. The portal is designed to aid decision-makers, organizations, or the general public make decisions that involve emergency preparedness, ecosystem restoration, and where and how to develop coastal areas. Anyone interested can explore the interactive portal to find information about historical or future potential storm impacts for a specific coastal area.
Corn Growing Degree Day Tool
Track real-time and historical GDD accumulations, assess spring and fall frost risk, and guide decisions related to planting, harvest, and seed selection. This innovative tool integrates corn development stages with weather and climate data for location-specific decision support tailored specifically to agricultural production.
Access customized historical climate and crop yield data for the U.S. Corn Belt. View graphs of monthly temperature and precipitation, plot corn and soybean yield trends, and compare climate and yields over the past 30 years. Used in tandem with other decision resources, this product can help you find long-term correlations between climate trends and yields and help put your recent growing cycles into historical context.
Drought Risk Atlas
The National Drought Mitigation Center unveiled the Drought Risk Atlas on March 21. The atlas provides analysis of data on drought frequency and severity for more than 3,000 spots across the country. The stations chosen for the atlas go back at least 40 years with nearly continuous data, and some go back more than 100 years.
Assessing the Vulnerability of Fish Stocks in a Changing Climate
NOAA Fisheries and NOAA’s Earth Research Laboratory have finalized a new methodology to rapidly assess the vulnerability of U.S. marine stocks to a changing climate. The methodology uses existing information on climate and ocean conditions, species distributions, and species life history characteristics in order to estimate the relative vulnerability of fish stocks to potential changes in climate.
Introducing the Local Climate Analysis Tool (LCAT)
NOAA unveiled this powerful new tool in July 2013 to help users produce data-driven answers to climate-related questions. The tool helps users link local weather and water events to signals in the climate system; understand how global climate change contributes to local climate trends; and explore how climate variability contributes to local impacts. Registration is required to use LCAT.
Coral Reef Ecosystem Integrated Observing System
The NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Integrated Observing System provides a diverse suite of long-term ecological and environmental observations and information products over a broad range of spatial and temporal scales. Its goal is to help people understand coral reef ecosystem conditions and processes, and to inform stakeholders and assist managers in making improved and timely ecosystem-based management decisions to conserve coral reefs.
The PacificIslandsClimate.org (PIKO) website is a gateway to a broad range of information related to climate in the Pacific Islands. PIKO includes summaries of programs, projects, and activities, as well as data, information products, and services.
Gulf of Mexico Climate Outreach Community of Practice
The NOAA Gulf of Mexico Regional Team and the Sea Grant Programs from the Gulf States support a Community of Practice (CoP) for long-term engagement with coastal communities addressing climate change. This CoP is a group of professionals working together to enhance climate literacy in the region and to develop and implement strategies for adapting to sea level rise.
Southern Plains Drought Early Warning System
In 2011, a drought of strong intensity and vast geographical extent developed in the southern United States. As the drought intensified, there was a need to improve the communication with decision makers to help them anticipate and manage the drought's impacts. A four-pronged approach was used to begin the conversation across the region: state drought planning workshops, climate outlook forums, management webinars and media engagement, and a bilateral collaboration in the Rio Grande / Bravo basin.
Up-to-date information to help reduce interactions between Hawaii-based longline fishing vessels and loggerhead turtles.
Red River Basin Decision Information Network
A suite of web-based tools developed for the Red River Basin in response to the 1997 floods and designed for decision makers and the general public.
Cal-Adapt is a web-based climate adaptation planning tool developed in part by the University of California, Berkeley's Geospatial Innovation Facility for the State of California. Cal-Adapt allows users to identify potential climate change risks in specific geographic areas throughout the state. Users can either query by location, or click on an interactive map to explore what climate impacts are projected to occur in their area of interest.
New Mexico AgroClimate
AgroClimate is an interactive web tool developed by the Climate Assessment for the Southwest that allows decision makers to evaluate the affects of El Niño–Southern Oscillation on important agricultural indicators such as growing degree days and chill accumulation. Agro Climate also evaluates historical climate to help estimate effective schedules for pecan irrigation.
CanVis is a visualization program used to see potential impacts from coastal development or sea level rise. Users can download background pictures and insert the objects (hotel, house, marina, or other objects) of their choosing. The free PC-based software is used by municipalities to brainstorm new ideas and policies, undertake project planning, and make presentations.
Habitat Priority Planner
This free PC-based tool from NOAA's Coastal Service Center aids in decisions about conservation, restoration, and planning. The Habitat Priority Planner takes away much of the subjective nature of the process by providing critical habitat analyses that are consistent, repeatable, and transparent. The program allows users to easily test various ideas and "what if" scenarios on the fly, making it the perfect tool to use in a group setting.
Hazard Assessment Template
This tool from NOAA's Coastal Service Center helps to construct websites that identify potential hazards for specific locations. Website users identify the location by address, owner name, or by clicking in the map. The tool queries the hazards data to determine the hazards zone(s) for the location. Typical users include planning and permitting departments, residents applying for building permits, hazard mitigation officials, and natural resource planners. The tool's functionality can be set up for any location that has the required data and resources. Users should have web-based mapping skills.
U.S. Heat Stress Index
When both temperature and humidity are high, humans can experience considerable heat stress. In the U.S., extreme heat may have greater impact on human health, especially among the elderly, than any other type of severe weather. The combined effects of temperature and humidity cannot be directly measured but can be assessed by calculation of an "apparent temperature." This index of “how hot it feels” should not be confused with the Heat Index used by NOAA's National Weather Service because the latter index is not defined for temperature below 80°F (27°C) and relative humidity below 40%.
Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network
A database of tools created and used by a network of over 4000 coastal and marine conservation practitioners. The EBM Tools Network is currently focusing on tools for climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning, ecosystem-based coastal and marine spatial planning and integrated land-sea planning to minimize the impacts of land use on coastal and marine environments.
Coastal Inundation Toolkit
A collection of tools and information from the NOAA Coastal Service Center for coastal communities to help them better understand and address the inundation issues. The kit specifically includes a crash course in key concepts related to inundation, visualization and risk recognition tools, and resources to help explain the consequences of coastal inundation and the benefits of preparing for it.
EPA BASINS 4.0 Climate Assessment Tool
A tool that integrates geographical information, watershed data, and state-of-the-art modeling tools. Specifically, BASINS CAT provides flexible capabilities for creating climate change scenarios allowing users to quickly assess a wide range of "what if" questions about how weather and climate could affect their systems.
Reports and Resources (79)
Researchers Offer New Insights Into Predicting Future Droughts in California
According to a new NOAA-sponsored study, natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought.
Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report
This new Synthesis Report from the IPCC summarizes the contents of 5 studies released over the past year. These studies confirm that climate change caused by human activities is having impacts on ecosystems and human well-being across the U.S. and around the world.
Explaining Extreme Events of 2013 from a Climate Perspective
A new report from the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, "Explaining Extreme Events of 2013 from a Climate Perspective," addresses the causes of 16 individual extreme events that occurred on four continents.
Navigating to New Shores: Seizing the Future for Sustainable & Resilient U.S. Freshwater Resources
Based on 6 years of work, The Johnson Foundation examines challenges associated with quality, availability, & resilience of U.S. freshwater resources due to climate change, aging infrastructure, & extreme events.
Enhancing the Climate Resilience of America's Natural Resources
The Council on Climate Preparedness and Resilience has released a report outlining four strategies to help make our natural resources more resilient to climate change, and documenting progress and providing roadmaps for action.
Better Growth, Better Climate: The New Climate Economy Report
A new report released by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate concludes that rapid innovation and new investment in infrastructure are making it possible to tackle climate change while also improving economic performance.
Climate Change Impacts in Hawaii: A Summary of Climate Change and its Impacts to Hawaii's Ecosystems and Communities
This report, from Hawaii Sea Grant, is intended to provide a basic summary of the observed and projected changes to Hawaii’s ecosystems and their resulting impacts for Hawaii’s residents.
Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts
This new National Research Council report reviews coastal risk-reduction strategies and levels of protection that have been used along the U.S. East and Gulf Coasts to reduce the impacts of flooding associated with storm surges. The report evaluates their effectiveness in terms of economic return, protection of life safety, and minimization of environmental effects.
Preparing Our Communities for Climate Impacts: Recommendations for Federal Action
The Georgetown Climate Center has released a report outlining 100 recommendations to help improve federal programs and their ability to prepare for climate change. The new report--Preparing Our Communities for Climate Impacts: Recommendations for Federal Action--will inform the White House's State, Local and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience.
NJADAPT is a collaborative effort consisting of scientists and data managers in academia, government, the private sector, and the NGO community who have developed a strategic plan for a New Jersey platform to host and apply climate science and impacts data. This effort has been supported by the New Jersey Recovery Fund, the New Jersey Coastal Management Program, and NOAA.
Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters
This report from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development provides a risk-based approach to achieve resilient water security in a changing climate, documents key trends and highlights best practice from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation, and examines options to improve the flexibility of water governance, policy, & financing approaches.
2013's Billion Dollar Weather & Climate Disasters
According to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, the United States saw nine climate and weather disaster events, each with losses exceeding $1 billion in damages during 2013. These events included a drought event, two flooding events, and six severe storm events. Overall, these events resulted in the deaths of 113 people and had significant economic effects on the areas impacted. NCDC is the nation's scorekeeper in terms of placing extreme climate and weather events into historical perspective in this series of annual reports, dating back to 1980.
Climate Change in Colorado
The Climate Change in Colorado report is a synthesis of climate science relevant for management and planning for Colorado's water resources. The report--produced by the Western Water Assessment, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) and the University of Colorado Boulder--focuses on observed climate trends, climate modeling, and projections of temperature, precipitation, snowpack, and streamflow.
'Nuisance Flooding' an Increasing Problem as Coastal Sea Levels Rise
This technical report from NOAA looks at more than 60 years of coastal water level and local elevation data, analyzing sea level rise and nuisance flood frequency changes around the United States.
State of the Climate in 2013
On July 17, NOAA and the American Meteorological Society released the State of the Climate in 2013 report. A 24-year tradition encompassing the work of 425 authors from 57 countries, the report uses dozens of climate indicators to track patterns, changes, & trends of the global climate system.
Reducing Climate-Sensitive Disease Risks
This new report from the World Bank focuses on livestock diseases that are sensitive to climate change. The report aims to help practitioners reduce the risks of key climate-sensitive infectious diseases by strengthening risk management systems for disease outbreaks.
Proposed EPA Plan Would Cut Emissions From Power Plants By 30%
On June 2, the EPA announced the Clean Power Plan. Under the Clean Air Act and President Obama's Climate Action Plan, the proposed plan would cut carbon pollution from existing power plants, the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S.
Climate-Smart Conservation: Putting Adaption Principles into Practice
This new report by the National Wildlife Federation looks at how climate change is affecting the nation’s wildlife & habitats, & addresses how natural resource managers need to prepare for and adapt to these unprecedented changes.
National Climate Assessment Released
The third National Climate Assessment, released May 6, provides an in-depth look at climate change impacts on the U.S both now and into the future. It details the multitude of ways climate change is already affecting and will increasingly affect the lives of Americans.
First Federal Ocean Acidification Strategic Plan Released
The Interagency Working Group on Ocean Acidification, of which EPA is a participating agency, has recently released the "Strategic Plan for Federal Research and Monitoring of Ocean Acidification."
The Plan will guide research and monitoring investments that will improve our understanding of ocean acidification, its potential impacts on marine species and ecosystems, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. Highlights of the Plan's research goals include: improve existing observing systems that monitor chemical and biological effects of ocean acidification and document trends; undertake laboratory and field research to examine the physiological, behavioral, and evolutionary adaptive capacities of selected species and complexes of species; develop comprehensive models to predict changes in the ocean carbon cycle and effects on marine ecosystems and organisms; develop vulnerability assessments for various carbon dioxide emissions scenarios; and, assess the cultural, subsistence, and economic effects of ocean acidification.
To learn more, visit: http://oceanacidification.noaa.gov/IWGOA.aspx.
NOAA Releases Arctic Action Plan
Climate change is making the Arctic a greener, warmer, and increasingly accessible place for economic opportunity. However, climate impacts such as sea ice loss and rising ocean acidification are straining coastal community resilience and sound resource stewardship. The NOAA Arctic Action Plan report outlines ways for scientists and stakeholders to share their progress regarding this vast, valuable, and vulnerable region.
Considerations for Climate Change & Variability Adaptation on the Navajo Nation
A new report led by the University of Colorado Boulder summarizes the impact of climate change on Navajo Nation lands and discusses factors that affect people’s vulnerabilities to climate impacts, and outlines a way for the region's residents to plan for ongoing environmental change.
Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change
On April 15 in Berlin, Germany, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change approved and released Working Group III's Fifth Assessment Report - a comprehensive assessment of all relevant options for mitigating climate change through limiting or preventing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as activities that remove them from the atmosphere.
Mapping the River Ahead
As the climate changes, critical challenges face water managers, farmers, public agencies and conservationists in the Colorado River Basin. A new report by Carpe Diem West Academy, in partnership with the Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Policy, University of Montana, documents the concerns of some Colorado River thought leaders and their ideas about potential solutions and paths ahead.
Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability
On March 31 in Yokohama, Japan, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change approved and released Working Group II's Summary for Policymakers and the underlying scientific and technical assessment.
WMO Releases Annual Status of the Global Climate Report
The dramatic impact of climate variability and climate change continued to be felt all over the world throughout 2013.The World Meteorological Organization statement on the status of the global climate in 2013 provides a snapshot of global and regional trends in weather and climate over the past year and highlights some of the year’s most significant extreme events.
Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities
This Technical Input to the U.S. National Climate Assessment examines vulnerabilities of infrastructures and urban systems to extreme weather and other events associated with climate change.
Mainstreaming Gender in Health Adaptation to Climate Change Programs
The World Health Organization has released a guide targeted towards program managers who work in climate change and health adaptation. It provides them with practical information and guidance designed to mainstream gender as projects move through different phases.
Atlas of Health & Climate
The Atlas of Health and Climate report was the product of collaboration between the World Health Organization and the World Meteorological Organization. The report aims to provide sound scientific information on the connections between weather and climate and major health challenges.
Developing Climate Change Environmental Public Health Indicators
The Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) released a guidance report to help local health departments leverage existing resources on climate change and public health indicators to make plans and decisions at the local level.
Climate Change: Evidence & Causes
A team of climate scientists from The National Academy of Sciences and The Royal Society have produced a new report for decision makers, policy makers, educators, and other individuals seeking authoritative information on climate science.
Navigating Change: Hawaii's Approach to Adaptation
A report based on the Pacific Islands Regional Climate Assessment (PIRCA) was recently presented to the President's Task Force for Climate Preparedness and Resilience. The report examines climate change impacts in Hawaii and also assesses the adaptive capacity of the Pacific Island communities.
Sensitivity Study Helps Salt Lake City Plan for the Future
A new study published in the journal Earth Interactions has found that rising temperatures challenge Salt Lake City’s water supply. The research shows that every degree Fahrenheit of warming in the Salt Lake City region could mean a 1.8 to 6.5 percent drop in the annual flow of streams that provide water to the city. The sensitivity study aimed to help the city, and others in the Intermountain West, plan for the future.
NOAA Releases Annual Climate Report
NOAA's National Climatic Data Center has released its climate report for 2013. According to the annual report, last year was warmer and wetter than average for the contiguous U.S. and 2013 marked the 21st wettest year of record for the nation and the wettest since 2009.
NCDC Releases Latest Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks Reports
In late December, NOAA's National Climatic Data Center and its partners released regional climate impact assessments for the first quarter of 2014. The reports discuss the major climate events during the past three months and contain historical seasonal assessments as well as future climate outlooks.
USC Seagrant Outlines L.A.'s Vulnerability to Future Sea Level Rise
In anticipation of rising sea levels, a team from the University of Southern California Sea Grant partnered with the city of Los Angeles to gauge the impact of rising tides on local communities and infrastructure in order to protect at-risk assets through proactive planning and early identification of adaptation measures.
U.S. Submits 2014 Climate Action Report to UNFCCC
The U.S. Department of State has submitted its 2014 Climate Action Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report details actions the United States is taking domestically and internationally to mitigate, adapt to, and assist others in addressing climate change.
National Academies Report: Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change
Climate is changing, but how quickly? Will the changes be gradual, allowing natural systems and societal infrastructure to adjust in a timely fashion? Or will some of the changes be more abrupt, changing so fast that orderly adaptation is not possible? This report summarizes the current state of knowledge on potential abrupt changes to the ocean, atmosphere, ecosystems, and high latitude areas, and identifies key research and monitoring needs.
New York City updates sustainability plans with PlaNYC
In the wake of Sandy’s devastation, the city of New York announced PlaNYC – a long-term sustainability plan based on the latest climate science. The report includes ideas on how to rebuild the communities affected by the 2012 storm and how to increase resilience and infrastructure of buildings citywide in order to protect against future extreme events.
Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate
According to a new National Climate Assessment report, the nation's valuable ocean ecosystems and marine resources are being affected by a changing climate. These impacts are expected to increase in coming years, putting marine resources — and the people and economies that depend on them — at risk.
Climate Sensitivity of the Nation's Estuaries
The United States' 28 National Estuarine Research Reserves (NERR) are experiencing negative effects of human and climate-related stressors, according to a new report from NOAA's National Ocean Service. This is the first national-scale climate sensitivity analysis of estuaries to help coastal managers protect the health of estuaries.
U.S. Energy Sector Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Extreme Weather
The U.S. Department of Energy released this report in July 2013 as part of the President's efforts to support planning for climate change & U.S. energy security. The report examines current and potential climate-related impacts on the energy sector and identifies activities to address these challenges.
The President's Climate Action Plan
In a speech at Georgetown University on June 25, President Obama announced a series of executive actions to reduce carbon pollution, prepare the United States for the impacts of climate change, and lead international efforts to address global climate change.
Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States
A part of the 2013 U.S. National Climate Assessment, this book gives an overview of the past, present, and projected future of the southwest region's climate, emphasizing new information and understandings since publication of the previous national assessment in 2009. It examines what climate and climate change mean for the health and well-being of human populations and the environment. The book looks at climate's effects on the region's watersheds and ecosystems, links between supply and demand of natural resources, and impacts on key sectors — such as water, agriculture, energy, and transportation. It also includes information on responses and preparedness to reduce vulnerabilities and improve resilience to extremes of weather and climate.
Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health (MATCH)
The U.S. Global Change Research Program recently launched the Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health (MATCH). The tool offers centralized access to metadata about thousands of government-held datasets related to human health, the environment, and climate science for researchers and decision makers. MATCH is easily searchable and browsable by topic, keyword, and region, allowing users to quickly find resources of interest and relevance, including monitoring and surveillance datasets, early warning systems, and tools for characterizing climate-related human health impacts.
Billion Dollar Weather & Climate Disasters
According to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, 2012 saw 11 climate and weather disaster events, each with losses exceeding $1 billion in damages. This makes 2012 the 2nd costliest year since 1980, with a total of more than $110 billion in damages. Most of last year's damages came from Hurricane Sandy and the widespread drought. NCDC is the nation's scorekeeper in terms of placing extreme climate and weather events into historical perspective in this series of annual reports, dating back to 1980.
Pacific Islands Climate Education Partnership
This partnership has developed a detailed strategic plan to collaboratively improve climate knowledge among the region’s students and citizens in ways that exemplify modern science and indigenous environmental knowledge, address the urgency of climate change impacts, and honor indigenous cultures.
Climate Change and Pacific Islands: Indicators and Impacts
Climate Change and Pacific Islands: Indicators and Impacts is a report developed by the Pacific Islands Regional Climate Assessment (PIRCA) aimed at assessing the state of climate knowledge, impacts, and adaptive capacity of Hawaii and the U.S.-Affiliated Pacific Islands.
The Global Hazards report created by NOAA's National Climatic Data Center provides monthly summary information about notable and significant weather and climate events around the world. These reports draw upon real-time information from external sources (international bodies, relief organizations, media reports) as it becomes available. When possible and appropriate, additional data analysis is performed to provide historical context for users.
Alaska Climate Webinar Archives
The Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy has an archive of all its webinars on a variety of climate issues in the Alaska and the Arctic. The webinar series is also ongoing with new speakers and topics scheduled regularly.
Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. This special report explores the social as well as physical dimensions of weather- and climate-related disasters, and considers opportunities for managing risks at local to international scales. This “SREX” report was approved and accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in November 2011.
Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States National Climate Assessment
Global sea level has been steadily rising for decades and is expected to continue. Scientists have very high confidence that global sea level will rise at least another 8 inches and as much as 6.6 feet by 2100, causing significant impacts in U.S. coastal regions. This report lays out the science and describes possible scenarios to help planners and policy leaders assess the risks.
2012 Arctic Report Card
The annual Report Card provides clear, concise scientific information on the state of the Arctic region, organized into 5 sections: Atmosphere, Sea Ice & Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, Terrestrial Ecosystems, and Hydrology & Terrestrial Cryosphere. This edition was prepared by an international team of 121 scientists from 14 different countries. Independent peer-review of the 2012 Report Card was organized by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme of the Arctic Council.
Highlights from 2012 include new records set for snow extent, sea ice extent and ice sheet surface melting, despite air temperatures - a key cause of melting - being unremarkable relative to the last decade. Multiple observations provide strong evidence of widespread, sustained change driving Arctic environmental system into new state.
When Every Drop Counts: Protecting Public Health During Drought Conditions—A Guide for Public Health Professionals
This publication, by the Centers for Disease Control, is intended to assist public health officials, practitioners, and other stakeholders in their efforts first to understand and then to prepare for drought in their communities. It provides information about how drought affects public health, recommends steps to help mitigate the health effects of drought, identifies future needs for research and other drought related activities, and provides a list of helpful resources and tools.
Special Reports on Extreme Climate Events
Some significant climate events are subject to a deeper analysis than is possible on the NOAA National Climatic Data Center's operational monitoring time scales. This section catalogs significant climate- and weather-related events from the late 1990s to the present. The catalog of Special Reports includes but is not limited to: hurricanes, droughts, wildfires, and flooding.
National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy
From the Arctic to the Everglades, impacts like rising sea levels, warmer temperatures, loss of sea ice, and changing precipitation patterns are affecting the species we care about, the services we value, and the places we call home. Federal, state, and tribal partners with input from many other diverse groups from across the nation have worked to develop a common strategy to respond to these challenges. The National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy is currently in draft form and, when finished, will provide a unified approach for reducing the negative impacts of climate change on fish, wildlife, plants, and the natural systems upon which they depend.
Arctic Report Card: 2011
The annual Report Card provides clear, concise scientific information on the state of the Arctic region, organized into 5 sections: Atmosphere, Sea Ice & Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, Terrestrial Ecosystems, and Hydrology & Terrestrial Cryosphere. This edition was prepared by an international team of 121 scientists from 14 different countries. Independent peer-review of the 2011 Report Card was organized by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme of the Arctic Council.
Maine's Climate Future
A report that considers past change over geologic time, recent evidence of accelerated rates of change, and the implications of continued climate change in Maine during the 21st century as a result of greenhouse gas emissions and their associated pollutants.
Drought Impact Reporter
The National Drought Mitigation Center launched the Drought Impact Reporter (DIR) in July 2005 as the nation’s first comprehensive database of drought impacts. DIR collects and displays drought impact information for the U.S., providing researchers and interested members of the public with more context and detail on drought, as well as more readily summarized information.
Fisheries of the United States
A 2010 report on the state of commercial and recreational fisheries in the U.S. including territorial seas, the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, and the high seas.
Climate Change Impacts: Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries
A 2010 report on climate change impacts and climate change action plans for marine ecosystems on California's north-central coast.
A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change
The purpose of this 2010 National Institutes of Health publication is to identify research needs for all aspects of the research-to-decision making pathway that will help researchers and decision makers understand and mitigate the health effects of climate change as well as ensure that decision makers choose the healthiest and most efficient approaches to climate change adaptation.
Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. (Agriculture)
A chapter from the 2009 U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) report, titled Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States, focused specifically on the intersections of climate and agriculture.
The Corn and Climate Report
An overview of climate science in service to farmers and agricultural producers in the Midwestern United States. This document, produced for non-specialists, summarizes the results of a workshop that brought together providers of weather and climate services and agricultural producers, agribusiness providers, and advisors from state agricultural extension networks to assess the latest scientific understanding of climate, variability, and change in the Midwest.
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States (2009)
Climate changes are underway in the United States and are projected to grow. Consequently, crops and livestock production will be increasingly challenged and threats to human health will increase. These are two key findings presented in this 2009 assessment report by the U.S. Global Change Research Program. The report gives an overview of climate-related issues and impacts for seven geographical regions and seven sectors of society.
Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment
A guide released by the National Wildlife Federation in 2011 for conservationists and resource managers to help them understand and assess the impact of climate change on species and ecosystems, including fisheries.
Thresholds of Climate Change in Ecosystems
An assessment of the potential for abrupt state changes or regime shifts in ecosystems in response to climate change. Better understanding of sudden changes to ecosystems, and the goods and services they provide, is extremely important if natural resource managers are to succeed in developing adaptation strategies.
Past Climate Variability and Change in the Arctic and at High Latitudes
Over the past 30 years, average temperatures in the Arctic have increased at almost twice the rate of the planet as a whole. Such temperature changes have been accompanied by shrinking sea ice, melting ice and permafrost on land, and widespread impacts to land and ocean ecosystems.
Estuarine Fish and Shellfish Species in the U.S. Commercial and Recreational Fisheries: Economic Value as an Incentive to Protect and Restore Estuarine Habitat
An analysis of the economic value of commercial and recreational fisheries in the United States, published in 2008.
Climate Impacts on U.S. Living Marine Resources: National Marine Fisheries Service Concerns, Activities and Needs
A 2008 report on climate impacts on coastal and marine ecosystems as it relates to the National Marine Fisheries Service's work.
Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources
A review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources in the United States. This report focuses on the following selected land management systems: National Forests, National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, Wild and Scenic Rivers, National Estuaries, and Marine Protected Areas.
Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate
An assessment in the state of knowledge concerning changes in weather and climate extremes in North America and U.S. territories. Changes in extreme weather and climate events have significant impacts and are among the most serious challenges to society in coping with a changing climate.
Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate
An assessment in the state of knowledge concerning changes in weather and climate extremes in North America and U.S. territories. Changes in extreme weather and climate events have significant impacts and are among the most serious challenges to society in coping with a changing climate.
The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States
An assessment of the effects of climate change on U.S. land resources, water resources, agriculture, and biodiversity. There is robust consensus that human-induced climate change is occurring. This report discusses the nation's ability to identify, observe, and monitor climate-related stresses that influence agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity.
Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure ― Gulf Coast Study
As global temperatures increase, sea levels rise, and weather patterns change, the stewards of our Nation's infrastructure are challenged to consider how these changes may affect the country's roads, airports, rail, transit systems, and ports. This study focuses on potential impacts of climate change on human infrastructure in the U.S. Gulf Coast region.
Analyses of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems
A review of impacts of global climate change on three broad dimensions of the human condition: human health, human settlements, and human welfare. This report examines opportunities for adaptation and associated recommendations for addressing data gaps and near- and long-term research goals.
Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States
This report summarizes the effects of climate change on energy production and use in the United States. It also identifies where research could reduce uncertainties about vulnerabilities, possible effects, and strategies to reduce negative effects and increase adaptive capacity.
Excessive Heat Events Guidebook
The Environmental Protection Agency produced this publication with assistance from federal, state, local, and academic partners. It is designed to help community officials, emergency managers, meteorologists, and others plan for and respond to excessive heat events. The Guidebook highlights best practices that have been employed to save lives during excessive heat events in different urban areas. Developed in partnership with NOAA, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Homeland Security, the Guidebook provides a menu of options that officials can use to respond to these events in their communities. Municipal officials in both the U.S. and Canada also provided useful information that can be used to help the public cope with excessive heat.
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
An international project of the Arctic Council and the International Arctic Science Committee, the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment evaluates and synthesizes knowledge on climate variability, climate change, and increased ultraviolet radiation and their consequences for the Arctic region.
Fact Sheets (5)
Reducing the Nation's Vulnerability to Extreme Weather & Climate
NOAA is helping people prepare and protect their homes, communities, and businesses from extreme climate- and weather-related impacts.
Sustaining Marine Ecosystems in a Changing Climate
NOAA envisions a future with a strong economy and thriving marine ecosystems. NOAA and its partners are working to identify and manage risks to our nation's valuable marine ecosystems and the services they provide.
Preparing for Drought & Water Resource Challenges
All regions and economic sectors in the U.S. depend on adequate and reliable water supplies. This briefing sheet describes how NOAA is working to help the nation understand, prepare for, and respond to drought, flooding, and other water resource challenges.
Preparing for Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding
The U.S. has one of the world's largest and most diverse coastal zones. Climate variability and change present real threats to our coasts. NOAA is working with partners to build climate-smart coastal communities.
Toward a Climate Smart Nation
Americans' health, security, and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. This briefing sheet describes how NOAA is leveraging its climate science and services to help the nation prepare for the impacts of climate variability and change.
Data Products (3)
University of Hawaii Sea Level Center
The University of Hawaii Sea Level Center collects, processes, distributes, and analyzes in situ tide gauge data from around the world in support of climate research. UHSLC scientists conduct research on global sea level rise, sea level variations associated with ocean circulation, tidal processes, extreme sea level events & coastal inundation.
Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program Data Products
The NOAA-funded Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program (SCIPP) has developed a range of experimental and prototype tools to support climate-related decision-making and planning. These datasets and tools are designed to help increase resiliency and preparedness for weather and climate extremes now and in the future across the Southern-Central United States.
NOAA's National Climatic Data Center issues monthly storm data containing a chronological listing, by states, of storm occurrences and unusual weather phenomena. Reports contain information on storm paths, deaths, injuries, and property damage. An "Outstanding storms of the month" section highlights severe weather events with photographs, illustrations, and narratives. Users may also search the NCDC Storm Event database to find various types of storms recorded in your county or use other selection criteria as desired.