Includes natural processes within the climate system: orbital patterns, solar radiation, oceans, atmosphere, water cycle, the natural greenhouse effect, carbon cycle, regional climates and differences between climate and weather.

December 10, 2020

La Niña's here through winter, but chances for ENSO to transition to neutral by spring are rising.

Students first learn about the complexities of Earth's climate system and the different factors contributing to Earth's energy balance. Then, students categorize the factors that influence climate as warming or cooling factors. Finally, students design art pieces to depict the science behind Earth's climate system and share these artistic creations with families and communities.

Children create a wind streamer out of common materials and use it to determine the wind's direction.

This is the first of nine lessons in the Visualizing and Understanding the Science of Climate Change website. This lesson is an introduction to Earth's climate and covers key principles regarding Earth's unique climate, atmosphere, and regional and temporal climate differences.

September 24, 2020

 Guest blogger Marybeth Arcodia explains her latest research into how the Madden-Julian Oscillation and ENSO sometimes enhance each other's influence on U.S. precipitation and other times cancel each other out.

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